Malcolm X by Jonah Onuska

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Early life

Malcolm Little was born May 19th, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. When he was young, he was smart, and a focused student. He graduated from junior high at the top of his class. He told his dad when he was young that he wanted to be a lawyer, but his dad soon shot down that idea and told him that "It was not a realistic goal". Malcolm then lost interest in school and dropped out. Then he went to Harlem, New York where he committed petty crimes.

Later in life

By 1942 Malcolm was coordinating various narcotic sales, gambling, and prostitution. Malcolm then returned to Boston where in 1946 he was arrested, and he was sentenced to 10 years in jail. Whilst in jail Malcolm became interested in the religion Islam. He began to study the teachings of Elijah Muhammad. In 1964 Malcolm went to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The trip was life changing for Malcolm. Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation Of Islam.

Death

Malcolm was speaking at the Manhattan's Audbon Ballroom on February 21, 1965. He was attacked by three men on stage and shot 15 times at a close range. He was pronounced dead on arrival. He was 39 years old at death.

Facts:

  1. Malcolm Little adopted the Black Muslim faith and became a minister of the Nation of Islam
  2. He was a charismatic advocate of black separatism who rejected Martin Luther King, Jr.'s policies of non-violence.
  3. He documented his various experiences in The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965)
  4. He changed his surname to “X” to signify his lost African family name.
  5. In 1963, Malcolm found companionship with a young boxer known as Muhammad Ali. Ali and Malcolm became good friends and Ali announced his membership in the Nation of Islam the day after his victory over Sonny Liston in February, 1964.

Accomplishments:

  1. In 1963, the New York Times reported that Malcolm X was the second most sought after speaker in the US.
  2. On June 29, 1963 Malcolm lead one of the nations largest civil rights events known as the Unity Rally in Harlem.
  3. He stressed the importance of African Americans learning their history. At this time schools only taught European based history

He was greatly influences by various Muslum religious leaders, because they changed how he acted, and lived his life. He changed his religion, got out of his bad habits, and started being productive for what he believed in. Instead of just causing violence and trouble.

Malcolm's motivation to do all that he did was to learn more about himself, and help others learn more about themselves. He was a huge part in the civil rights movement, and motivated many to work towards a brighter future for African Americans. He may not of had the best methods always, but he was a natural born leader. He may have not agreed with Martin Luther King Jr's views fully, but they did have the same common goals. He stuck up for what he believed until death.
Malcolm was a great leader, husband, and person.

Here is a link to a site dedicated to Malcolm: http://www.malcolmx.com/


Work Cited

http://www.africawithin.com/malcolmx/malcolm_bio.htm
http://www.brothermalcolm.net/
http://www.malcolmx.com/